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Type 2 diabetes and hydration

diabetes water 

Adopting good eating and drinking habits is an important part of managing diabetes. Favoring water for hydration, for example, reduces the impact of sugar in a diabetic’s diet.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when the body produces insufficient insulin or when the cells are unable to use insulin properly (which is called “insulin resistance”). The body derives energy, in the form of sugar or glucose, from what we eat or drink. Insulin helps transport that energy to the cells. In a diabetic, too much glucose remains in the blood, giving rise to undesirable symptoms.

Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. According to the WHO, the number of cases of Type 2 diabetes increased by 50% between 2005 and 2015. Moreover, Type 2 diabetes, which until a few decades ago was only being diagnosed in middle-aged individuals, is now being found in younger people.

Beware of added sugars

While a variety of factors can contribute to the onset of the condition, diabetes is known to be closely associated with high calorie intake, especially from added sugars – which are found in many foods and, notably, in beverages.

Diabetics are recommended to minimize the calories (from sugars) in what they drink. Pure, plain water contains zero calories and zero sugar. Water will therefore not raise blood glucose levels. Furthermore, according to the Diabetes Community (, studies show that when a diabetic has too high a blood glucose level, drinking water enables more glucose to be flushed out of the bloodstream.

Experts agree that water should be the main source of hydration for Type 2 diabetics. It can be bottled, tap or distilled water.

We at Nestlé Waters feel that the increasing prevalence of this chronic disease adds to the urgency of our mission to help educate people – notably the young – to always choose water in preference to sugary drinks.

Did you know?

Keep active
Living a sedentary lifestyle without sufficient exercise is seriously damaging to health. Being inactive often leads to being overweight, which can lead to pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Staying active decreases insulin resistance and helps bodily insulin to be more effective.

The “Western” diet
Over 90 per cent of Type 2 diabetics are overweight. The so-called “Western” diet, full of processed foods, poor-quality fats and low fiber content, is thought to be a major contributor to diabetes.

Source: Diabetes Community