Bottled water life cycle

The life cycle of our products can be divided into three main phases: packaging, manufacturing and distribution.

bottled water life cycle

Bottled water life-cycle: packaging

The packaging phase includes:
 the extraction of raw materials necessary for producing packaging materials, primary packaging (bottles, caps, labels) and secondary packaging (crates, boxes, film pack, pallets)
 the transformation of raw materials into various forms of primary and secondary packaging
 the supply of packaging to Nestlé Waters factories (finished packaging, PET resin and PET preforms for producing bottles)
 the bottle end-of-life: including collection, sorting and recycling

Bottled water life-cycle: manufacturing

The manufacturing phase covers the entire production process at the factory level, including:
 transformation of packaging materials into bottles: product bottling (pumping, storage, treatments (if any), filling)
 conditioning with secondary packaging and storage until finished products are transported

Bottled water life-cycle: distribution

Distribution covers both the transport and consumer phases.

This includes:
 transport from the Nestlé Waters factory to customers, storage at wholesalers and/ or point of sale (on-shelf)
 purchase by the consumer
 transport from retail to the consumer’s destination, cooling devices (if any) for home and office delivery or home storage
 consumption of the product
 washing of drinking receptacle (if any) and consumer disposal of the empty packaging